How Sun Affect Your Skin

Learn how the sun really affects your skin. Are you a beach bum? Do you love to have that tan, bronzed look? Maybe you’re one of those people who sit alongside the pool for hours on end, slathering on tanning oil, perfecting a deep, dark tan. Sun-kissed skin looks great, but for how long? The long-term effects of baking in the sun can be downright frightening. The bottom line: It’s bad for your skin. It can cause burns, blisters, scars, wrinkles, and most terrifying of all, cancer. Tanning can be lethal. Before you go out to catch some rays, find out how the sun really affects your skin.

How Sun Affect Your Skin
melanoma image

How Can Sun Light Affect Your Skin?

So, how does the sun affect your skin color? Below are some skin health problems that can occur in inappropriate sun exposure.

Melanoma.
Tanning can cause malignant melanoma, a potentially deadly form of skin cancer. Malignant melanomas typically present years after the tan has faded. While occasionally treatable if caught early, malignant melanoma can be deadly. In the United States alone, this type of cancer is responsible for over 80 percent of deaths linked to skin cancer.

Basal cell carcinoma.
This is the most common form of skin cancer and is caused almost exclusively from exposure to the sun. This cancer presents as a shiny pink or red lump on the skin, scalp, nose, or ears. It can be easily mistaken for something less dangerous and, if left untreated, can grow into malignant melanoma. Again, you probably won’t develop this while you’re tanning but years later, when the sun’s damage is irreversible and your tan is long gone.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
SCC is the second most common type of skin cancer. It appears as pink lumps on the skin that start scaly and become sore. Soon these lumps will ulcerate, ooze, and bleed. Squamous cell carcinoma occurs most often on the face, neck, lips, ears, hands, shoulders, arms, and legs — the areas most often exposed to the sun. These lesions are painful, and they can worsen if not treated immediately.
UV radiation. Tanning is the result of exposure to UV radiation, whether it comes from the sun itself or a tanning bed. The dangerous affects of tanning are the same no matter the source. Some people believe that tanning beds are “safer” than natural suntans. They are wrong. Tanning beds are as bad for your skin as the sun.

Wrinkles and premature aging.
It’s a fact that tanning causes wrinkles and prematurely aged skin. You might look beautiful with a tan now, but as you age your skin will become considerably more wrinkled, dry, and leathery than it would have if left untanned. You may look 10 to 15 years older than you actually are simply because of your sun-damaged skin.

Leathery skin.
Tanning causes skin to be less elastic, prone to dark spots, and rough. No amount of moisturizer or other treatment can truly restore your skin’s health.

So don’t cultivate a suntan. If you feel the need for that summertime glow, use one of the many sunless tanning products on the market. And, always use sunscreen whenever you are exposed to the sun. Avoid exposure during peak hours (10 a.m. to 3 p.m.), and be smart about the sun.
👉 Read more: Treating tanned skin

What is sunburn? How does sun burn affect your skin ?

Sunburns:
Are caused by exposure to too much ultraviolet (UV) light. UV radiation is a wavelength of sunlight in a range too short for the human eye to see. UV light is divided into three wavelength bands — ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB) and ultraviolet C (UVC). Only UVA and UVB rays reach the earth. Commercial tanning lamps and tanning beds also produce UV light and can cause sunburn.

When you're exposed to UV light, your skin accelerates its production of melanin. Melanin is the dark pigment in the epidermis that gives your skin its normal color. The extra melanin — produced to protect the skin's deeper layers — creates the darker color of a "tan." A suntan is actually your body's way of blocking the UV rays to prevent sunburn and other skin damage. But the protection only goes so far. The amount of melanin a person produces is determined genetically, and many people simply can't produce enough melanin to protect the skin well. Eventually, UV light causes the skin to burn, bringing pain, redness and swelling.

You can get sunburn on hazy or cloudy days. As much as 90 percent of UV rays pass through clouds. UV rays can also reflect off snow, ice, sand, water and other reflective surfaces, burning your skin as severely as direct sunlight.

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